HIV-positive women and disclosure


Perceived risks

  • Acquisition of social support
  • Relief from sharing a secret
  • Ability to educate others
  • No need to hide treatment and adherence rituals
  • Avoid legal issues
  • Children can then be tested
  • Improved access to HIV prevention and treatment services
  • Provoke feelings of anxiety
  • Fear/actualisation of violence
  • Fear of isolation, discrimination
  • Fear of associated financial costs
  • Fear by immigrants of expulsion from country
  • Stigmatism for self and family


Serovich JM, et al. AIDS Behav 2008;12:227–31; Elford J, et al. JAIDS 2008;47:514–21
Doyal L, et al. Social Science & Medicine 2005;60:1729–38